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English Placement Test
Grammar
1. Kyle was thrown into the situation without being prepared for _______.
  • a. one
  • b. such
  • c. it
  • d. any




2. Many math students have become too _______ on calculators.
  • a. dependent
  • b. depending
  • c. dependable
  • d. depended




3. _______ he was voted out of office, the politician regained his position as governor.
  • a. A decade is more since
  • b. A decade or more than before
  • c. More than a decade after
  • d. Although more than a decade





4. Why not _______ Susan about this issue?
  • a. to ask
  • b. you ask
  • c. asking
  • d. ask





5. The idea of _______ a group was important to her.
  • a. her belonging
  • b. belonging to
  • c. belong to
  • d. she belongs to





6. It took more time to finish the report than one _______.
  • a. was thinking
  • b. had thought
  • c. would have thought
  • d. thought





7. At seven o’clock, I _______ the hotel and checked in immediately.
  • a. arrived
  • b. arrived at
  • c. arrived to
  • d. arrived for





8. “Does your job require you to travel much?” “Yes, I’m _______ three days a week.”
  • a. going usually
  • b. usually going
  • c. usually gone
  • d. usual to go





9. The new drug to treat arthritis _______ in early trials.
  • a. has promised
  • b. has shown promise
  • c. was shown promise
  • d. promised





10. Out of all the scholarship winners, James was _______ to organize his own research laboratory.
  • a. one of the first
  • b. the one of first
  • c. the first of one
  • d. first of the one






Close
What we typically call smog is primarily made up of ground-level ozone. Ozone can be good or bad depending on where it is located. Ozone in the stratosphere high above the Earth protects human health and the environment, (11) ground-level ozone is the main harmful ingredient (12) smog.









Ground-level ozone is (13) by the combination of pollutants from many (14) , including smokestacks, cars, paints, and solvents.











When a car (15) gasoline, releasing exhaust fumes, or a painter paints a house, smog-forming pollutants rise into the sky. Then, wind blows these pollutants (16) from their sources.











The smog-forming reactions occur (17) the pollutants are being blown through the air by the wind. This (18) why smog is often more severe miles away from the source of the pollutants than it is at the source.











The smog-forming pollutants literally cook in the sky. (19) it’s hot and sunny, smog forms more easily.





Just as it takes time to (20) a cake, it takes time to cook up smog. It usually takes several hours from the time pollutants get into the air before the smog gets really bad.
11.
  • a. but
  • b. yet
  • c. because
  • d. moreover





12.
  • a. in
  • b. located
  • c. called
  • d. emits





13.
  • a. found
  • b. combined
  • c. produced
  • d. destroyed





14.
  • a. activities
  • b. results
  • c. people
  • d. sources





15.
  • a. emits
  • b. burns
  • c. inputs
  • d. refines





16.
  • a. away
  • b. near
  • c. lose
  • d. about





17.
  • a. to
  • b. during
  • c. here
  • d. while





18.
  • a. explains
  • b. reason
  • c. knows
  • d. causes





19.
  • a. If
  • b. Thus
  • c. Although
  • d. As





20.
  • a. burn
  • b. eat
  • c. cook
  • d. bake






Vocabulary
21. Children’s values often _______ those of their parents.
  • a. impose
  • b. identify
  • c. reflect
  • d. emit




22. “The political speaker who was here last week was really popular.” “I know. I’m surprised so many people _______ for it.”
  • a. showed up
  • b. filled up
  • c. caught on
  • d. turned in




23. The iron was much too hot and it _______ Mark’s white shirt.
  • a. scoured
  • b. scorched
  • c. scoffed
  • d. scarred





24. The views of the candidate _______ sharply with the views of most young voters on that issue.
  • a. evaluate
  • b. equate
  • c. distinguish
  • d. contrast





25. Julie is absolutely _______ about being in the new theater production.
  • a. engaged
  • b. convincing
  • c. ecstatic
  • d. accessible





26. The director designed the plan, but the committee _______ it.
  • a. implemented
  • b. manufactured
  • c. predominated
  • d. emerged





27. Even though they didn’t like dogs, our guests were very _______ of our pets.
  • a. tolerant
  • b. derisive
  • c. enthusiastic
  • d. moderate





28. She doesn’t have the right _______ to work with young children.
  • a. tendency
  • b. temperance
  • c. temperament
  • d. template





29. Brian showed no _______ for cheating on the exam.
  • a. remorse
  • b. indulgence
  • c. agitation
  • d. modification





30. Mark needs to _______ himself in class more so that his questions will be answered.
  • a. declare
  • b. assert
  • c. accentuate
  • d. defend






Reading
This passage is about fireflies.

A longtime mystery about fireflies was solved when scientists identified the chemical used to precisely control their flashing signals. Male fireflies use light to court females with well-choreographed flashes, and females respond in kind.

Neurobiologists discovered that a simple gaseous molecule known as nitric oxide (NO), the same chemical that regulates the heartbeat and aids brain function in humans, helps to carry out this romantic exchange. The firefly’s abdomen contains a lantern made of photocytes, a type of specialized cell filled with a protein called luciferin that reacts with oxygen and emits light.

Researchers were puzzled by the individualized, intricate flash patterns that differed by fractional seconds among the two hundred species of firefly. A nerve signal controls the pattern, but how the signal travels was unclear, as the nerve ending isn’t in direct contact with the photocytes. In effect, scientists knew where the light bulb was and what made it shine, but they couldn’t locate the on/off switch.

Then, a team of neurobiologists wondered if NO could be involved in the signaling process. They found that the enzyme that makes NO was both present and active in the firefly lantern. To show that it was actually involved in flashing, fireflies were exposed to increasing concentrations of NO in a closed container.

At high concentrations, the fireflies glowed continuously. To find out whether NO was responsible for the lantern’s glow or simply triggered the nerves to initiate flashing, the researchers removed the nerves and found that the lantern still glowed when NO was added. However, when a chemical was added to completely absorb NO, the flashing stopped—even when the lantern was directly stimulated. This implies that NO is the crucial ingredient.
31. According to the passage, how do male fireflies use light?
  • a. to drive away other male fireflies
  • b. to regulate their heartbeats
  • c. to combine luciferin with oxygen
  • d. to attract female fireflies





32. According to the passage, what roles does NO play?
  • a. It triggers luciferin to initiate flashing in fireflies.
  • b. It absorbs excess chemicals that stimulate flashing.
  • c. It controls the presence or absence of light.
  • d. It regulates the heartbeat and brain function in fireflies.





33. According to the passage, in what way are the two hundred species of fireflies different from each other?
  • a. in the patterns of the chemicals in their abdomens
  • b. in the patterns of their flashing
  • c. in the amount of NO they have
  • d. in how their nerves control flashing





34. What controls the pattern of flashing?
  • a. nerve cells
  • b. photocytes
  • c. luciferin
  • d. proteins





35. What did the team of researchers learn?
  • a. NO causes luciferin to produce oxygen.
  • b. NO produces an enzyme that is active in firefly lanterns.
  • c. NO acts on fireflies similarly to the way it acts on humans.
  • d. NO is needed for fireflies to send signals.






Listening Part1: Push the play button to start/pause test.


36.
  • a. He doesn’t like reading novels.
  • b. He is on his way to class.
  • c. He is very busy.




44.
  • a. He hasn’t been to the theme park.
  • b. He enjoyed the theme park.
  • c. She has been to the theme park.




37.
  • a. He is going to change dentists.
  • b. She was happy with his dentist.
  • c. She didn’t go to the dentist.




45.
  • a. She wants them to look at her computer.
  • b. Her computer has already been checked.
  • c. She doesn’t need a new computer.




38.
  • a. Jim has a new supervisor.
  • b. Jim was embarrassed.
  • c. Jim should control his anger.




46.
  • a. He has finished studying.
  • b. He already took the test.
  • c. He is spending a lot of time preparing.




39.
  • a. He only swims at night.
  • b. The crowds at the pool bother him.
  • c. They swim at different pools.




47.
  • a. She’ll wait in the store.
  • b. She’ll stay outside.
  • c. She’ll leave without him.




40.
  • a. They want to start the project over again.
  • b. He wants to finish the project quickly.
  • c. She thinks they can’t finish the project.




48.
  • a. James couldn’t make it to the party.
  • b. James injured himself at the party.
  • c. James called her from the party.




41.
  • a. Sam decided not to take the job.
  • b. Sam has taken a new job.
  • c. Sam hasn’t applied for the job.




49.
  • a. He isn’t happy with his cards.
  • b. He hasn’t received his cards.
  • c. She thinks he should return the cards.




42.
  • a. He thinks her topic is too limited.
  • b. He thinks her topic is too general.
  • c. He thinks her topic is not interesting.




50.
  • a. She should find a new apartment.
  • b. She should talk to her neighbors.
  • c. She should change her parking space.




43.
  • a. She didn’t go home.
  • b. Her parents liked her friend.
  • c. They didn’t get along well.










Πηγή Υλικού: Hellenic American Union




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